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Introduction to Kamchatka

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Kamchatka is one of the eastern regions of the Russian Federation. It belongs to the areas of the Far Northeast. Kamchatka is a peninsula and occupies the area of 472,3 thousand sq. km, which equal size of Spain. The peninsula stretches for 1600 km southward and its maximum width is about 470 km. The waters of the Pacific Ocean in the east and the Okhotsk Sea in the west border the peninsula. Kamchatka has unique nature and it is without exaggeration one of the most spectacular places in the World. It is a place of volcanoes, hot springs (geysers) and wild nature. The greater part of the territory is covered with mountains and hills. There are more than 160 volcanoes (29 of them are active volcanoes, one of the highest is the Kluchevskaya Sopka, 4800 meters). Hundreds of rapid streams and rivers flow into the ocean, forming waterfalls on the rocks. Large regions are covered with taiga and tundra. Kamchatka is a typical mountainous country. Its mountain ranges occupy more than two thirds of the total territory. There are two main ridges - Sredinny (Middle) and Vostochny (Eastern). They stretch parallel along the peninsula ( giving peninsula the shape of a giant fish ) and include much smaller ones: Malkinsky, Ganalsky, Valaginsky, Kumroch and others.The mountainous area came to life in the result of volcanic activity. Geysers are also a manifestation of volcanic activity. The Geyser Valley located in the middle of Kamchatka is a unique and magnificent view, with hot springs, powerful water jets, boiling fountains that may be 10-20 metres high. Kamchatka is a wonderful place both for the most demanding and extreme-loving guests! You will fall in love with Kamchatka forever!! To get back to Kamchatka will be your dream! Why? Experience it with us!!! Welcome!

The climate is mild in the southern part and severe in the northern part. Summer is short and cool and winter is long with much snow. Kamchatka has more than 6 thousand rivers and more than 100 lakes. The largest river is the Kamchatka River. More than 30 species of fish can be found in Kamchatka rivers, lakes and seas, surrounding the peninsula. Among them are salmon, herring, navaga, flounder, halibut, cod, sea perch, crucian and others. About thousand kinds of plants, 200 kinds of birds, 53 kinds of rare animals in the Kamchatka region.

Population numbers about 349 thousand people in the Kamchatka region including about 195 thousand people in the town Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky . There are two other towns, Kluchi and Elizovo, in Kamchatka. On April 9th, 1812 Petropavlovsk became an administrative centre of the Kamchatka region and the territory was registered as an independent region in 1956. Now, Petropavlovsk - Kamchatsky is the Capital, administrative, political, cultural, industrial and economic centre of peninsula. It stretches along the shore of the Avacha Bay. Town is spread over the hills in a terrace way. Petropavlovsk is a very beautiful sight at any time of the year. Covered with white snow Avachinsky, Koryksky and Kozelsky volcanoes rise above town. The largest seaport of Kamchatka is Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky. It was named after the “Saint Paul” and “Saint Peter”. They were the ships that came to the Avacha Bay.

The history of exploration Kamchatka began in the 17th century. First 60 Cossacks commanded by Vladimir Atlassov arrived in Kamchatka in 1697. They founded the first Russian settlement. Later Tsar Peter the Great ordered to organize an expedition. The 1st and the 2nd Kamchatka expeditions were headed by Vitus Bering, a Dane by origin. In October 6 1741 the two ships «Saint Peter» and «Saint Paul» came to the Avacha Bay. It is the date of foundation of our town. Stepan Krasheninnikov arrived in Kamchatka in 1737 and traveled over it for 4 years. He gave a full description of the land, plants and animals of Kamchatka. His book is famous as the best paper about Kamchatka.

The wealth of Kamchatka includes fish, mineral resources, timber and furs. The leading branch of Kamchatka's economy is fishery. Fish is marketed fresh, frozen, salted, smoked and canned. The main enterprises are the ship-repairing yards, the ship-repairing mechanic works and can-producing factories. The timber industry is also important. The main logging area is in the valley of the Kamchatka River. Timber of Kamchatka is exported and used for home needs.

Kamchatka is rich in mineral resources. Geological exploration in Kamchatka began in 1950's. Significant deposits of gold, gas, mercury, sulphur, lime and peat were discovered in the Olyutorsky (coal), Penzhinsky (gold) and the Ust-Bolsheretsky (peat) Districts.Kamchatka is known for its rich deposits of thermal water but it is used in a small scale. The Geothermal Power Plants ( Pauzhetskaya and Mytnovskaya) give the cheapest power. Thermal (mineral) water is used for cultivating vegetables and for medical purposes in sanatoria. Kamchatka develops its economic ties with foreign countries. Among them there are the USA, Japan, Sweden, Holland, Iceland and others.

With a population of about 195 000 people, Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky is an important port as well as a center of industry, science and adventure tourism.

Capital: Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky.

Time zone: GMT+12.

Language: Russian.

Population: Approximately 470 000.

Religions: Russian Orthodox, Muslim, Jewish, Roman Catholic, Protestant and Buddhist.

Currency: Russian roubles.

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